A conveyor belt may be the carrying moderate of a belt conveyor system (frequently shortened to belt conveyor). A belt conveyor program is one of many types of conveyor systems A belt conveyor program consists of several pulleys (sometimes known as drums), with an unlimited loop of transporting medium-the conveyor belt-that rotates about them. One or both of the pulleys are powered, shifting the belt and the materials on the belt forward. The run pulley is called the drive pulley while the unpowered pulley is called the idler pulley. There are two main industrial classes of belt conveyors; Those generally materials handling such as for example those moving boxes along in the factory and bulk materials handling such as those used to move large volumes of resources and agricultural materials, such as grain ,salt , coal ,ore ,sand , overburden and more.
Conveyors are durable and reliable components used in automated distribution and warehousing, along with manufacturing and production facilities. In combination with computer-controlled pallet handling equipment this allows for more efficient retail >, wholesale and production distribution . It is considered a labor saving program which allows large volumes to move rapidly through a process, allowing companies to ship or get higher volumes with smaller sized space for storage and with much less labor expense
Belt conveyors will be the mostly used powered conveyors because they are the most versatile and the lowest priced. Products are conveyed directly on the belt so both regular and irregular formed objects, large or little, light and heavy, could be transported effectively. Belt conveyors are also produced with curved sections which use tapered rollers and curved belting to convey products around a corner. These conveyor systems are generally found in postal sorting offices and airport baggage managing systems
Belt conveyors are generally fairly similar in building comprising a metal body with rollers at either end of a flat metallic bed. Rubber conveyor belts are generally used to mention items with irregular bottom surfaces, small items which would fall in between rollers (e.g. a sushi conveyor baror luggage of product that would sag between rollers. The belt can be looped around each one of the rollers and when among the rollers is powered (by a power electric motor the belting slides over the solid metal frame bed, moving the merchandise. In heavy use applications the beds that your belting is pulled over are replaced with rollers. The rollers allow weight to be conveyed because they reduce the quantity of friction generated from the heavier loading on the belting. The exception to the standard belt conveyor construction is the Sandwich Belt conveyor. The Sandwich Belt conveyor uses two conveyor belts, rather than one. Both of these conventional conveyor belts are positioned face to face, to firmly support the items being carried in a “sandwich-like” hold.
Belt conveyors can be used to move product in a straight line or through adjustments in elevation or direction. For conveying Bulk Materials like Grains, Ore, Coal, Sand etc., over gentle slopes or gentle curvatures, a troughed belt conveyor can be used. The trough of the belt means that the flowable materials is contained within the edges of the belt. The trough can be attained by keeping the idler rollers in an angle to the horizontal at the sides of the idler frame. A Pipe Conveyor is used for materials travel paths that require sharper bends and inclines up to 35 degrees. A pipe conveyor features the edges of the belt getting rolled together to create a circular section like a pipe. Such as a Troughed Belt Conveyor, a Pipe Conveyor also uses idler rollers. However, in this case the idler frame completely surrounds the conveyor belt assisting it to retain the pipe section, while pushing it forward. In the case of travel paths needing high angles and snake-like curvatures, a Sandwich Belt is used. The sandwich belt style enables materials carried to visit along a path of high inclines up to 90 degree angles. allowing a vertical path as opposed to a horizontal one. This transport option can be powered by idlers.
Other important components of the Belt Conveying System in addition to the Pulleys and Idler rollers are the Drive Arrangement of reducer Gear Boxes, Drive motors and connected couplings. Scrapers to completely clean the belt, Chutes for controlling the discharge direction, Skirts for containing the discharge on the receiving belt, Take Up assembly for “tensioning” the belt and Technological Structures like Stringer, Short Post, Drive Frames, Pulley Frames make up the balance items to full the Belt Conveying program. Using applications Belt Conveyors can also be used for static accumulation or cartons.
Gravity Conveyor
Non-run, gravity conveyors are probably the most economical material managing solutions. Loads are conveyed on rollers or skatewheels which are installed in frames. Typically gravity conveyors are sloped in elevation to permit products to flow freely, taking advantage of the Earth’s gravity. Hence the label – gravity conveyor.
Gravity conveyors enable you to move boxes, cartons and totes with company, rigid bottoms. Roller or skatewheel sizes as well as spacing will vary. A good rule of thumb is that a minimum of three rollers must be under the container, carton or tote at all times.
What are Common Gravity Conveyor Applications?
Gravity roller conveyors certainly are a very economical and versatile form of conveyance and have many applications. They are the most common form of conveyor in the world. Applications for gravity conveyor consist of: Transportation of products
· Loading and unloading of trucks
· Conveyance within picking areas
· Assembly or kitting areas
· Mounting to carts, scales or various other industrial machinery
· Loading and unloading of production equipment
Heavy-duty roller conveyor is designed and constructed to convey weighty loads, such as pallets, castings, etc. in steel industries and other manufacturing operations which require heavy-duty conveying tools. Roller may be set high or low in conveyor frame based on applications.
Gauge Gravity Roller Conveyor
Durable gravity roller conveyor is utilized to mention packages on long lasting or temporary lines in warehousing activities, shipping section, assembly areas, etc.